Friday, July 28, 2017

Life And Teaching Of Gautama Buddha

This documentary tells the story of the Buddha’s life, a journey especially relevant to our own bewildering times of violent change and spiritual confusion. It features the work of some of the world’s greatest artists and sculptors, who across two millennia, have depicted the Buddha’s life in art rich in beauty and complexity.

Image result for buddha images Life of Buddha: The Buddha, or "enlightened one", was born Siddhartha ( which means "he who achieves his aims"). Gautama was born in the year 624 B.C. in Lumbini (Nepal) as a prince. His father was king Suddhodana and his mother was Queen Mahamaya. Gautama Buddha was a spiritual leader on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.  Born as a prince, he spent his childhood in the lap of luxury. Once on a trip through the city on a chariot he witnessed on old man, a diseased person, and a corpse. This new knowledge  about the sufferings in the world gave rise prince soon renounced all his worldly affairs in order to embark on a journey of self-discovery. Siddhartha then made his way to place near Bodh Gaya (Bihar) in India, where he found a suitable site for meditation. Finally after years of rigorous contemplation and meditation, he found Enlightenment, and became the Buddha, meaning "awakened one" or "the enlightened one".

Buddha Teachings: The earliest available source of Buddha's teachings is the Pali Sattapitaka consisting of Five Nickayar. Buddha was a reformer who took note of the realities of life.The religion of Buddha is famous as Buddhism. The followers of that religion are known as Buddhist. In his teachings, Buddha showed a new path. In his religious mission, he did not give value to the so-called sacred rites and rituals. Instead, he showed the way for a life of ethics and spirituality. His doctrines were simple as well as practical for adoption. He preached against the extreme means of worldly life which lead to man's self indulgence, pleasures, and unending desires. At the same time, he did not prescribe for the common man extreme hardship of ascetic life by physical punishment and self-torture. He was the noble 'Middle Path' which was possible for every man to follow. Between the two extremes of pleasures and penance, he showed the path of really virtuous life. Buddha in his own word says, Learn from the earth, whether people spread pure and fragrant and flowers, perfume, or fresh milk on it, or discard filthy and foul-smelling fees, urine, blood, mucus, and spit on it, the earth receives it all equally without clinging or aversion. When pleasant or UN-pleasant thought arise, don't let them entangle or enslave you.

Learn from the water. When people wash dirty things in it, the water is not sad or disdainful. Learn from fire. Fire burn all things without discrimination. Learn from the air. The air carries all fragrances whether sweet or foul.

Practice loving kindness to overcome anger. Loving kindness has the capacity to bring happiness to others without demanding anything in return. Practice compassion to overcome cruelty. Compassion has the capacity to remove the suffering of others without expecting anything in return. Practice sympathetic joy to overcome hatred. Sympathetic joy arises when one rejoices over the happiness of others and wishes others well-being and success. Practice non-attachment to overcome prejudice. Non-attachment is the way of looking at all things openly and equally.

Loving kindness, compassion,sympathetic joy, and non-attachment are beautiful and profound states of mind. Practice them and you will become a refreshing source of vitality and happiness for others.

Buddha explain what self-sufficiency and what is the better way to live alone. A self-sufficient person is a person who dwells in mindfulness. He is aware of what is going on in the present moment, what is going on his body, feelings, mind, and objects of mind. He knows to look deeply at things in the present moment. He does not pursue the past nor lose himself in the future, because the past no longer is and the future has not yet come. Life can only take place in the present moment. If we lose the present moment, we lose life. This is the better way to live alone.

To pursue the past means to lose yourself in thoughts about what you looked like in the past, what your feelings were then, what rank and position you held, what happiness or suffering you experienced the giving rise to such thoughts entangles you in the past.

Learning yourself in the future means to lose yourself in thoughts about the future. You imagine, hope, fear, or worry about the future, wondering what you will look like, what your feelings will be, whether you will have happiness or suffering. Giving rise to such thoughts entangles you in the future.

If you are ruled by worry, frustration, anxiety, anger, or jealousy, you will lose the chance to make real contact with all the wonder of life. At the time of his enlightenment he gained complete insight into the cause of suffering, and the steps necessary to eliminate it. He called these steps the "FOUR NOBLE STEPS"

The following main doctrines constitute the substance of his teachings.

Four Noble Truths or the Arya Satya.

The path he suggested is a code of practical ethics which has a rational outlook. Buddhism was more social than religious. It advocated for social equality.He was more conceived to worldly problem. In his enlightenment, Buddha discovered the real causes of the miseries of human existence. He also discovered the way to escape from those miseries which followed endlessly in the wheel of karma, birth and rebirth. These discoveries were called the Four Noble Path.

  1.  Dukkha -The existence of suffering.
  2.  Samudaya -The cause of suffering.
  3.  Nirodha -The cessation of suffering, and
  4.  Marga -The path which leads to the cessation of suffering.

1. The First is the existence of Suffering:  Birth, Old age, Sickness, and Death are suffering. Sadness, Anger, Jealousy, Worry, Anxiety, Fear, and Despair are suffering. Separation from loved ones is suffering. Association with those you hate is suffering. Desire, attachment and clinging to the five aggregates are suffering.

2. The Second Truth is the Cause of Suffering:  Because of ignorance, people cannot see the truth about life, and they become caught in the flames of desire, anger, jealousy, grief, worry, fear, and despair.

3. The Third Truth is the Cessation of Suffering: Understanding the truth of life brings about the cessation of every grief and sorrow and gives rise to peace and joy.

4. The Fourth Truth is the Path which leads to the Cessation of Suffering.

Buddha said, "Life can be found only in the present moment, but our mind rarely dwell in the present moment. Instead we chase after the past or long for the future. We think we are being ourselves, but in fact we almost never are in real contact with ourselves. Our mind are too busy chasing after yesterday's memories or tomorrow's dreams. The only way to be in touch with life is to return to the present moment. Once you know how to return to the present moment, you will become awakened, and at the moment, you will find your true self.

The cause of suffering is ignorance, a false way of looking at reality. Thinking the impermanent is permanents that is ignorance. Thinking there is a self when there is not, that is ignorance. From ignorance is born greed, anger, fear, jealousy, and countless other sufferings. The path of liberation is the path of looking deeply at things in order to truly realize the nature of impermanence, the absence of a separate self, and the interdependence of all things. This path is the path which overcomes ignorance. Once ignorance

Noble Eight fold Path of Buddha: After describing the chain of causes that lead to suffering Buddha suggested the Eight-Fold Path (Arya Ashtanga Marga) as the means of deliverance from these sufferings. This path was the real path to end the cycle of karma and the re-birth.
  1. Right Understanding.
  2. Right Action.
  3. Right Thought
  4. Right Speech
  5. Right Livelihood
  6. Right Effort.
  7. Right Mindfulness and
  8. Right Concentration. 
The first three practices lead to sila or physical control, the second three lead to samadhi or mental control, the last two lead to prajna or development of inner sight. Buddha call it the right path because it does not avoid or deny suffering but allows for a direct confrontation with suffering as the means to overcome it. The noble eight fold path is the path of living in awareness. Mindfulness is the foundation. By practicing mindfulness you can develop concentration which enables you to attain understanding. Right concentration, you realize right awareness, thoughts, speech, action, livelihood, and effort. The understanding which develops can liberate you from every shackle of suffering and give birth to lure peace and joy.

Buddha also prescribed a code of conduct for his followers.

These are called the 'Ten Principles' consisting of......
  1. Do not commit violence.
  2. Do not steal.
  3. Do not involve in corrupt practices.
  4. Do not tell a lie.
  5. Do not  use intoxicants.
  6. Do not use comfortable bed.
  7. Do not attend dance and music.
  8. Do not take food irregularly.
  9. Do not accept gifts or covet other's property.
  10. Do not save money.

By following these ten principles, one can lead a moral life.

Law of Karma: Buddha laid great stress on the law of karma and its working and the transmigration of souls. According to him the condition of man in this life and the next depends upon his own actions. Man is the maker of his own destiny not any god or gods. One can never escape the consequences of his deeds. If a man does good deeds in this life, he will be reborn in a higher life, and so on till he attain nirvana. Evil deeds are sure to be punished. We are born again and again to reap the fruit our karmas. This is the law of karma.

Ahimsa or Non-Violence: One of the important tenants of Buddha's teaching is ahimsa. Non-violence towards life is more important than god deeds. He advised that one should not kill or injure others either man or animal. Buddha attached great importance to non-violence, he permitted his followers to take a meat when no other food is available to keep them alive.

God: Buddha neither accepts nor rejects the existence of God. He remarked that Gods or Gods were also under the eternal law of karma. He was only concerned with the deliverance of man suffering.

Opposition to Vedas: The Buddha opposed the authority of Vedas. He also denied the utility of vedic and complex Brahaminical practices and rituals for the purpose of salvation. He criticized the Brahmanical supremacy.

Opposition of cast systems: The Buddha opposed vaina order or caste system. According to him a man is to be judged not by virtue of his birth but by his qualities.

Gautama Buddha spent the rest of his life traveling, teaching a diverse range of people from nobles to criminals.He had ten thousands of disciples and accumulated a large public following. He later established an order of monks and a corresponding order of nuns.

His health began to fail when he was in this late 70s. After forty-five years of teaching, he died in a small town named Kushinagar (Now modern town in Utter Pradesh-INDIA), at the age of 80, apparently of natural causes. His final words were, "Decay is inherent in all things. Be sure to strive with clarity of mind." for Nirvana.

He did not choose a successor. He felt that the Dharma.....his the Vinaya......his code of rules for the monks and nuns....would be sufficient guide. Two and a half centuries later, a council of Buddhist monks collected his teachings and the oral traditions of the faith into written form, called the Tripitika. This included a very large collection of commentaries and traditions; most are called Sutras (discourse).


Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Buddha Five Precepts Of Living Peace and Harmony

 Image result for buddha precepts

Most religions have moral and ethical rules and commandments. Buddhism has Precepts, but it's important to understand that the Buddhist Precepts are not a list of rules to follow.

In some religions, moral laws are believed to have come from God, and breaking those laws is a sin or transgression against God. But Buddhism doesn't have a God, and the Precepts are not commandments. However, that doesn't exactly mean they're optional, either.

The Pali word most often translated as "morality" is sila, but sila has many connotations that go beyond the English word "morality." It can refer to inner virtue such as kindness and truthfulness as well as the activity of those virtues in the world. It can also refer to the discipline of acting in a moral way. However, sila is best understood as a kind of harmony.

Buddhism is not just a religion, but also a discipline and way of life that encourages people to follow certain guidelines to help them conquer suffering. Buddha teachings are about about peaceful, righteous and thoughtful. The Five Precepts of Buddhism are actually the gist of the teachings and a moral guidelines that people can follow. These precepts, if followed can help people to build up their moral strength and live peacefully with their fellow. Buddhism places a great emphasis on 'mind' and it is mental anguish such as remorse, anxiety, guilt etc, which is to be avoided in order to cultivate a calm and peaceful mind.

Five Precepts of Gautama Buddha

As the way to create peace and happiness for one's family and all the Kingdom.

1. The First Precepts is do not kill: Observing this precept nourishes compassion. All living being fear death. As we cherish our own lives, we should cherish the lives of all other beings. Not only should we refrain from taking human life, we should strive to avoid taking the lives of other species, We must live in harmony with people, animals and plants. If we nourish a heart of love, we can reduce suffering and create a happy life, the kingdom will have peace. When the people respect each other's lives, the Country will prosper and be strong and it will be safe from invasion by other countries. When if the Kingdom possesses great military force, there will be no reason to use it.

2. The Second Precept is do not steal: No one has the right to take away the possessions that another has earned by his own labor. Attempting to seize an-other's goods violates this precept. Do not cheat others or use your influence and power to encroach on other's goods. Making profits from the sweat and labor of others violates this precept, as well. If the Citizens observe this precept, social equality will flower and robbing and killing will quickly cease.

3. The Third Precept is avoid Sexual Misconduct: Sexual relations should only take place with your spouse. Observing this precept builds trust and happiness in the family, and prevents unnecessary suffering to others. If you want happiness and the time and will to help your country and people, abstain from having several concubines.

4. The Fourth Precept is do not lie: Do not speak words that can create division and hatred. Your words should be in accord with the truth. Yes means Yes.. No means No. Words have the power to create trust and happiness, and they can create misunderstanding and hatred and even lead to murder and war. Use words with great care.

5. The Fifth Precept is do not Drink Alcohol or Use Other Intoxicants: Alcohol and Intoxicants rob the mind of clarity. When someone is intoxicated he can cause untold suffering to himself, his family, and others. Observing this precept is to preserve health for the body and mind.

Buddha said. "In addition to the sufferings of Birth, Old Age, Sickness and Death, human beings endure other sufferings which they themselves create. Out of ignorance and false views, people say and and do things that create suffering for themselves and others. Anger, Hatred, Suspicion, Jealousy, and Frustration cause suffering. All these arise from lack of awareness. People are caught are caught in a house on fire, and most of our suffering we create ourselves. You can not find freedom by praying to some God. You must look deeply into your own mind and situation in order to uproot the false views which are the root of suffering. Once you understand the nature of suffering it can no longer bind you.

If someone is angry at you, you can get angry back at him, but that only creates more suffering. If you follow the way of awareness, you will not react with anger. Instead, you will quiet your mind in order to discover why that person is angry at you. By looking deeply, you can uncover the caused that led to the person's anger. If you see that you bear responsibility for angering the person, you will not angry, but you will accept that your own misconduct has contributed towards creating his anger. If you are without blame, you can try to see why the person has misunderstood you. Then you can find true intention. In this way, you will avoid causing more suffering to both yourself and the other person.

Only with understanding can we love. All suffering can be overcome by looking deeply into things. On the path of awareness, we learn to follow our breath to maintain mindfulness. We follow the precepts in order to build concentration and attain understanding. The precepts are principles of living which foster peace and joy. Practicing the precepts our ability to concentrate develops, and we are able to live with great awareness and mindfulness. Mindfulness nurtures the capacity to illuminate the true nature of our mind and our environment. With that illumination comes understanding.

Buddha speaks "But suffering is only our face of life. Life has another face, the face of wonder. If we can see that face of life, we will happiness, peace and joy. We are hearts are unfettered, we can make direct contact with the wonder of life. When we have truly grasped the truths of impermanence, emptiness of self, and depend co-arising. We see how wondrous our own hearts, minds and bodies are. Because we imprison ourselves in our suffering, we lose the ability to experience the wonders of life, when we can break through ignorance, we discover the vast realm of peace, joy. liberation, and nirvana. Nirvana is the uprooting of ignorance, greed, and anger. It is the appearance of peace, joy, and freedom.

Buddha said that the more a person loves, the more he will suffer and despair. Life has a great need of the presence of love, but not the sort of love that is based on lust, passion, attachment, discrimination and prejudice. There are another kind of love, sorely needed, which consists of loving kindness and compassion, or Maitri (Friendship) and karuna (Compassion). Usually when people speak of love they are referring only to the love that exists between parents and children, husbands and wives, family members, or the members of one's cast or country. Because the nature of such love depends on the concepts of 'ME' and 'MINE'', it remains entangled in attachment and discrimination. People want only to love their parents, spouse, children, grandchildren, their own relatives and countrymen. Because they are caught in attachment, they worry about accidents that could befall their loved ones even before such things actually take place, when such accidents do occur, they suffer terribly.

People become indifferent or even hostile to those outside their own. Circle of love, attachment and discrimination are source of suffering for ourselves and others. Love for which all beings truly hunger is loving kindness and compassion. Maitri (Friendship) is the love that has the capacity to bring happiness to another. Karuna (Compassion) is the love which has the capacity to remove another suffering. Maitri (friendship) and Karuna (compassion) do not demand anything in return. Loving kindness and compassion are not limited to one's parents, and countrymen. They extend to all people and all beings. In 'MAITRI' (Friendship) and 'KARUNA' (Compassion) there is no discrimination, no 'me' or not 'mine'. And because there is no discrimination, there is no attachment. Maitri (Friendship) and Karuna (Compassion) bring happiness and ease suffering. They do not cause suffering and despair. Without them, life would be empty of meaning. With loving kindness and compassion, life is filled with peace, joy, and contentment.

According to the way of Enlightenment, love cannot exist without understanding. Love is understanding. If you cannot understand, you cannot love. Husbands and wives who do not understand each other cannot love each other. Brothers and Sisters who do not understand each other cannot love each other, cannot love each other. Parents only want children who do not understand each other cannot love each other. If you want loved ones to be happy, you must learn to understand their sufferings and their aspiration. When you understand, you will know how to relieve their sufferings and how to help them fulfill their aspirations. That is true love. If you only want your loved ones to follow your own ideas and your remain ignorant of their needs, it is not truly love. It is only a desire to posses another and attempt to fulfill your own needs, which cannot be fulfilled in that way.

In the way of liberation, there is no cost. To the eyes of an enlightened person, all people are equal. Every person's blood is read. Every person's tears are salty. We are all human beings. We must find a way for all people to be able to realize their full dignity and potential.

Note: If you think this article or message from Buddha can put some impact on our life and mind. Then Please share it with your friends and the world as much as you can! Because we can spread the love and harmony to the world!! Thanks


Friday, July 7, 2017

Chanakya-Observations On Everyday Life

CHANAKYA  was famed as India's Machiavelli, primarily because he was responsible for causing the downfall of the last ruler of the Nanda Dynasty and also, for the climb of Chandragupta Maurya to the throne. Chanakya lives during the period 350-275 B.C. 

Chanakya was endowed with so much of wisdom and earned him so many acholades during his time and thereafter. The most famous work of Chanakya is the tretise on the science of politics, referred to as, "Arthashastra". Chanakya being the Chief Minister of Chandragupta Maurya. Chanakya was after-all, the one person who played a critical, crucial role in the establishment, enhancement and continuance of the dynasty of the Mauryas. Chanakya was shrewd and wily politician, often referred to as the "Brahmin Fox". One who would justify any means for the achievements of the desired ends. Chanakya better known as Kautilya. Simple and austere in his life, uninterested in the pomp and pageantry of high position, when he had redeemed his pledge and accomplished his purpose, he wanted to retire Brahman like, to a life of contemplation. Chanakya possessed the immense wisdom his grasp of the human mind and its nuances, his expertise with regard to every single aspect that influenced the life of man. He did not restrict himself to the limitations of exploring the political and administrative arenas. This multi faced, astute wisdom and intelligence is demonstrated in all his maxims. 

It is essential that we do not miss out on the principle and moral standpoint that is part and parcel of Chanakya's thoughts and ideas.

CHANKAYA's brand of wisdom is ageless and immutable. Chanakya  expounds his views with amazing foresight and charity.  His startling prophecies, meaningful reflections on everyday living and heard headed axioms.

1. If a town is inhabited by fools, who do not know how to respect others, then one must forsake it. Also, if a town offers no source of livelihood or friendship; if there is no institution that imparts education; if there are neither doctors, nor men of learning or affluence; then it should be abandoned, as a town not worthy of settling in.
2. Knowledge in a man, born into an inferior family, and cultured manners in a girl, with an infamous ancestors, should be accepted be accepted, as unhesitatingly, as poison found in elixir, or gold discovered in an UN-sanctified place.
3. One must be secretive. Take the utmost care not to reveal one's heart to others. One must always act, after having carefully pondered over the blunders one has committed in the past. To succeed in this world of competition and rivalry, the virtue of secretiveness has to be acquired. 
4. An astute man marries his daughter into a family with a noble, and illustrious ancestry. He provides his son with the best education, religiousness his friend, and entangles his enemy in a messy situation. A man who fulfills all these duties, can be assured of a happy and meritorious life. 
5. Diligence puts an end to one's penury. The company of noble men and saints keeps one away from sin. Taciturnity helps one avoid unnecessary hostility. Constant alertness enables one to overcome fear.
6. How am I passing my time? who are my friends and enemies? which country an I a citizen of ? which clan do I owe allegiance to ? what are my gains or losses in my endeavors? A man must always ponder over these questions, for in their answers lies his destiny, and his key to worldly success. 
7. A prudent man is always on the alert for problems that may manifest themselves in the future. As a result, he is always equipped to meet them. The simpleton who behaves without any foresight, is forced to suffer the consequences.
8. One should not be alarmed at the sight of misfortune on a distant horizon. Should one see calamity approaching swiftly, then one must face it fearlessly. 
9. An affluent man's relatives will constantly flock around him. Nobody will approach a pauper. A prosperous man must always take care to avoid those relatives, who are conniving with each other to rob him of his wealth. An affluent man is always be fooled by others into believing that he is a wise man. He should always be conscious of people's attempts to deceive him. He should save his money, and refrain from extravagance. 
10. The lion, king of the animals has one outstanding virtue. He puts his heart into every activity he undertakes. Whatever he does, he does with vigour. Every deed is executed with total commitments, devotion and single minded intensity.
11. A dog is content with whatever he gets. He is complacent, even when he begins to experience the pangs of hunger. He is brave and faithful. A dog is alert even in sleep. These are his outstanding virtues.
12. If a man makes sincere efforts to amass knowledge; unhesitatingly interchanges food and money; and firmly believes in mutual give and take, then he will always be happy. 
13. A man who constantly hankers after wealth, will never attain the happiness of the man, who is content with what he has.
14. One must always be content with one's wife, one's supply of food and one's wealth.
15. Initially, one's enemy should be handled in accordance with the ethical code. He should be approached submissively, and every effort must be made to appease his animosity. Yet, if despite sincere efforts at conciliation, the evil enemy maintains his hostile stance, then one should prepare to handle him with the necessary cunning. He must be crushed ruthlessly.
16. If one drinks water, after one has digested one's food, then water will have the quality of ambrosia. But, if one drinks water before digesting one's meal. then water will have a toxic effect. Drinking water immediately after a meal could prove to be injurious to health. 
17. Anything that Man does independently, indicates his superiority. If one makes one's own beaded garland, rubs one's own sandal paste, and composes one's own hymns, they will be a class apart. They will also bring one immense joy and gratification. Dependence makes a man inferior in his own eyes. All kinds of dependence should be discouraged. One must be self-reliant. 
18. Soil, sugar-cane, sesame (Sesamum indicum) sandal wood ( Santalum album) and gold will exhibit their inherent worthy, only when they are crushed and ground repeatedly. 
19. With patience and diligence, even poverty can be transformed into affluence. Brisk, vigorous cleaning will remove dirt, and successfully transform an unsightly home into a beautiful one. This is similar to cooking raw vegetables to lend them flavor and spice. 
20. One must always remember to give careful consideration to each deed. Each step must be taken with great caution. One must take care to behave sagaciously in the society of men; speak as instructed in the scriptures; and drink only filtered water.
21. Knowledge and wisdom will forsake the one who pursues worldly pleasure, luxury, and sensuality. One who aspires to acquire scriptural knowledge, must not attach any weight to such frivolous things. The convergence of the worldly and saintly life is as illusory as the convergence of the earth and sky on the horizon. 
22. Knowledge can be attained, only after a laborious and persistent effort. 
23. One, who is magnanimous with his family; sympathetic to others; rigidly opposed to the wicked; and respectful and humble in the company of saints and savants, is the wisest of men. One who is brave before his enemies; complacent before his elders; astute with women; and self-centered in his dealings with the crafty and cunning, will always be happy. He will never trespass the limits of decency.
24. If a man spends extravagantly without foresight, and tends to be parasitic, quarrelsome, and ever ready to enter into a sexual relationship with women, irrespective of her caste, creed or religion, then he will surely meet with an untimely death. 
25. If a man is always receptive to more knowledge and education; UN-hesitant in accepting food from others; and strongly inclined to share everything that he has, then he will live a calm, quit and fulfilling life. 
26. One cannot change the past, but one can ruin a perfectly good present by worrying about the future. The past is irrevocable, and the future is totally unpredictable. Only the present exists, so one should think of today. If one treads the path of the present, then one will touch the peaks of happiness. 
27. Blind attachment and infatuation will only cause suffering, pain, anxiety and fear. That is why, wise men never commit the folly of getting attached to people. Thus, they remain in a state of bliss.
28. If a man has the foresight and wisdom to seek the remedies for imminent hazards, and he is prepared to face the world squarely, then he will move fearlessly through life. A blunt fatalist, who believes that everything is governed by some unknown power called god, deadens himself before his death. His attitude deprives him of his brilliance and vitality, and renders him soulless.
29. If a man is fickle and indecisive, then he can never taste happiness. A life of isolation in a forest will make him crave for human company; a life in the society of men will baffle him. Neither of these alternatives can bring him lasting joy. Such a man will always be burdened by his discontent.
30. It is true that, as a man sows, so shall he reap. A man's destiny is governed solely by his actions. He, who is astute and perceptive, will always think carefully before carrying out an action. 
31. It is only a knowledge of the world and self-awareness that distinguishes man from animal- for an animal too, eats, sleeps, copulates and feels fear. Therefore, a man without knowledge, is in no way superior to an animal. 
32. If a man's heart is full of magnanimity and compassion towards his fellow human beings, he will attain worldly prosperity, as he moves through life. All his problems will be solved of their own accord. 
33. A man must openheartedly accept two things in life. Firstly, erudition, and secondly, the company of noble, virtuous people. Those men, who earnestly aspire to be happy and prosperous will always seek the company of noble ones.
34. In order to please others, one must always use mellifluous language. Speaking in a charming and pleasant manner does not cost one anything.
35. If one has earned money by adopting unjustified means, then it will remain with one for ten years. In the eleventh year, such undeserved wealth is not only destroyed, but also serves as one's nemesis. One must always keep this in view. Take care never to employ illegal measures to earn money!
36. Before doing any deed, one should always ponder over its consequences. If a deed should compel one to repent later, and atone for one's action, then it is not worth doing. Before carrying out any action ask yourself three questions!why am I doing this? what will be the consequences of this action? will this exercise be a success, or a fiasco? After questioning oneself, one should act according to the conclusion one arrives at. One should only trust oneself. often, trusting others is futile and dangerous. They will not hesitate to lead us straight into the pit of treachery. One should always have confidence in oneself.
37. Even that, which is unattainable through effort, is attainable through a life of austerity. A austere life is even mightier than a forceful effort.
38. Even if the Master has preached only a single word to his disciple, he deserves his reverence. The act of preaching or imparting knowledge is not only the noblest of all acts, but also a favor that can never be repaid.
39. Bereavement can bring about physical and psychological illness.
40. In the forest, only those trees with curved trunks escape the woodcutter's axe. The trees that stand straight and tall, fall to the ground. This only illustrates that it is not too advisable to live in this world as an innocent, modest man.
41. Betraying a friend; taking shelter in the enemy camp; and adopting illegal measures to obtain money, is not acceptable, even in days of adversity. The money earned employing illegal means is ignoble and contemptible.
42. If a man's heart is full of magnanimity and compassion towards his fellow human beings, he will attain worldly prosperity, as he moves through life. All his problems will be solved of their own accord.
43. When the earth is dug up with a hoe, the water gushes to the surface. Similarly, if the disciple serves his master with unconditional love and faith, he is sure to gain wisdom and knowledge of the self.
44. One's mind is responsible, both for one's worldly bondage, and liberation from material life. An attached mind is inclined towards earthly objects. A detached mind is indifferent to them. Bondage is when one's mind is enmeshed in worldly life. The ultimate emancipation, is when one's mind soars above earthly pleasures.
45. Milk lends one energy, ghee thickens one's semen, and meat fatten one's body.
46. One must bathe after copulating; massaging with oil; shaving off one's hair or beard; and inhaling the fumes from the funeral pyre. If one fails to do so, one remains UN-sanctified.
47. If a man makes sincere efforts to amass knowledge; unhesitatingly interchanges food and money; and firmly believes in mutual give and take, then he will always be happy.
48. The donkey works vigorously, even when his limbs are weary. He cultivates an indifference to the scorching summer heat, and this enables him to plod on relentless of his exhaustion. Come what may, he is always tranquil and content. This is an admirable quality.
49. If one makes a sincere attempt to acquire all the qualities narrated above, then success is inevitable.
50. The cock rises at the crack of dawn. He is always ready to fight and chase away his rivals. He also has the habit of snatching away other's food.


Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Most Powerful Quotes by Martin Luther King Jr. on Courage, Peace, Love, Education and Equality.

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Martin Luther King Jr. (born Michael King Jr. January 15, 1929- April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of Civil Rights using the tactics of non-violence and cil- disobedience based on his christian beliefs and inspired by the non-violent activism of Mahatma Gandhi. 

King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, King led an unsuccessful 1962 struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia and helped organize the 1963 non-violent protests in Birmingham, Alabama. King also helped to organize the 1963 march on Washington, where he delivered his famous " I HAVE A DREAM" speech.

On October 14, 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racing inequality through non-violent resistance.

Martin Luther King Jr's words were spoken with hope that the future of American Americans would be brighter and that they would finally be given the quality they deserved.

The following  Martin Luther King Jr. quotes on LIFE, LOVE, PROGRESS, and FREEDOM helped shape the progressive world we live in today.

1. If you can't fly, then run
If you can't run, then walk
If you can't walk, then crawl,
but by all means, keep moving.

can't drive out darkness;
only light can do that.
Hate can't drive out hate;
only Love can do that. 

3. Only in the Darkness
can you see the Stars

4. The time is
always right to do
what is Right.

5. Our lives begin to end the day
we become silent about things 
that matter.

6. We must accept finite disappointment
but never lose infinite HOPE.

7. Lightning makes no Sound
until it Strikes.

8. FAITH is taking the first step 
even when you don't see the
whole Staircase.

9. LIFE'S most persistent
and urgent question is,
what are you doing for others?

10. We must build dikes of courage
to hold back the flood of fear. 

11. LOVE is the only force
capable of Transforming an
Enemy into Friends.

12. We may have all come on different
Ships, but we're in the same boat now.

13. a LIE cannot LIVE.

14. INJUSTICE anywhere
is a threat to JUSTICE

15. The ultimate measure of a man is not
where he stands in moment of Comfort and Convenience, but where he stands at times 
of Challenge and Controversy.

16.  I HAVE A DREAM  that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: we hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created EQUAL.

17. There can be no deep disappointed
when there is not deep love.

18. YOU don't have to see the whole staircase, just take the FIRST STEP.

19. Man must evolve for all human conflict
a method which reject revenge, aggression,
and retaliation. The foundation of such
a method is love,

20. It is not enough to say we must not 
wage war. It is necessary to love 
peace and sacrifice for it. 

21. If we are to go forward, we must go back and Rediscover those precious values-that all reality hinges on moral foundations and that all reality has spiritual control.

22. An individual has not started living until he/she can rise above the narrow confines of his/her individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all HUMANITY.

23. Everybody can be right-because anybody can serve. You don't have to have a college degree to serve. You don't have to make you subject and verb agree to serve. you only need a heart full of grace. A soul generated by love.

24. No one really knows why they are 
Alive until they know what  
They'd Die For.

25. We must build Dikes of courage
to hold back the flood of Fear.

26. Those who are not looking for happiness
are most likely to find it, because those who are
searching forget that the surest way to be
happy is to seek happiness for others.

27. Never succumb to the temptation
of bitterness.

28. No person has the right to Rain on
your Dreams.

29. You will change your mind; you will
change your looks; you will change your smile;
laugh, and ways but no matter what you
change, you will always be you.

30. Whatever your life's work is, do it well.
A man should do his job so well that the
living, the dead, and the unborn could
do it no better.

31. We must concentrate not merely on the
negative expulsion of war but the
positive affirmation of peace.

32. He who passively accept evil is as much involved in it as he who helps to perpetrate it. He who accept evil without protesting against it is really cooperating with it.

33. I have decided to stick with LOVE.
HATE is too great a burden

34. Ten thousand fools proclaim themselves
into obscurity, while one wise man forget
himself into immortality.

35. When you right you cannot be too radical;
when you you are wrong, you cannot be
too conservative.

36. If I cannot do great things,I can do small things in a great way. 

37. We are prone to judge success by the index
of our salaries or the size of our automobiles rather than by the quality of our service 
and relationship to mankind.

38. Not everybody can be famous but
everybody can be great because greatness
is determined by service....You only
need a heart full of grace and a 
soul generated by love.

39. We cannot walk Alone.

40. He who passively accepts evil is as much
involved in it as he who helps to perpetrate it.
He who accepts evil without protesting
against it is really cooperating with it.

41. I am not interested in power for power's
sake, but I am interested in power that is moral,
that is right and that is good. 

42. People fail to get along because they fear
each other; they fear each other because
they don't know each other.

43. We will remember not the words 
of our Enemies, but the silence of
 our Friends.

44. Law and order exist for the purpose of
establishing justice and when they fail in this
purpose they become the dangerously
structured dams that block the
flow of social progress.

45. We must learn to live together as
brother or perish together as fools.

46. Our scientific power has outrun our
spirited power. We have guided missiles
and misguided men.

47. I have a Dream that one day little Black
Boys and Girls be holding hands with
little White Boys and Girls.

48. What is wrong in the world today is that
the Nations of the world are engaged in a bitter,
colossal contest for supremacy.

49. I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation when they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.

50. History will have to record that the greatest tragedy of this period of social transition was not the strident clamor of the bad people, but the appalling silence of the good people.

51. The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. Intelligence plus character...that is the goal of true education.

52. Education without morals
 is like a ship without a compass, 
merely wandering nowhere. 

53. EDUCATION must enable one to SIFT and WEIGH EVIDENCE, to discern the TRUE from the FALSE, the REAL from the UNREAL, and the FACTS from the FICTION. The function of Education, therefore, is to teach one to think Intensively and to think Critically.

54. We have before us the glorious opportunity to inject a new dimension of LOVE into the veins of our CIVILIZATION.

55. Every genuine expression of love
grows out of a consistent and
total surrender to GOD.

56. In the end, we will remember
 not the words of our ENEMIES, but 
the silence of our FRIENDS. 

57. I just want to do God's will And he's allowed me to go to mountain, And I've looked over, and I've seen the promised land! I may not get there with you but I want you to know tonight that we as a people will get to the promised land.


59. A man who won't die for something
is not fit to live.

60. We must concentrate not merely on the negative expulsion of war but the positive affirmation of peace.

61. The quality, not the longevity, 
of one's life is what is important.

62. The principle of self-defense, even involving weapons and bloodshed, has never been condemned, even by Gandhi.

63. If physical death is the price that I must pay to free my white brothers and sisters from a permanent death of the spirit, then nothing 
can be more redemptive.

64. History will have to record that the greatest tragedy of this period of social transition was not the strident clamor of the bad people, but the appalling silence of the good people.

65. The hope of a secure and livable world lies with disciplined nonconformists who are addicted to justice, peace  and brotherhood.

66. What is wrong in the world today is that the nations of the world are engaged in a bitter, colossal contest for supremacy.

67. I have a dream that one day little 
black boys and girls be holding hands with 
little white boys and girls.

68. Law and order exist for the purpose of establishing justice and when they fail in this purpose they become the dangerously structured dams that block the flow of social progress.

69. I'm not interested in power for power's sake, but I'm interested in power that is moral, that is right and that is good.

70. Ten thousand fools proclaim themselves into obscurity, while one wise man forgets 
himself into immortality.


Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Chanakya- Pithy Observation On Family

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Chanakya was undoubtedly ancient India's finest political strategist and thinker. Chanakya's amazing knowledge of human psychology, his masterly insight into every facet of human life.

Chanakya, also known as Kautilya a Vishnugupta, was an advisor and a prime minister to the first Mauryan Empire Chandragupta and architect of his rise to power.

The teachings of Chanakya are the real nourishment of life, even if natural calamities change the face of the planet, the teaching of the great being spring forth a new, or from time to time they are unearthed old treasure, Such teachings are never destroyed, nor does the subtle presence of such divine beings ever diminished.

Chanakya's expounds his views with amazing foresight and clarity. He has a smattering of pithy observations on women, family, life, human relationships, moral conduct and spirituality. His startling prophecies, meaningful reflections on everyday living and hard headed axioms makes him great...

1. If a man can discriminate between vice and virtue, and judiciously weigh the pros and cons of an action, prior to its execution, then he will live a life of happiness. He will only have to face nominal suffering.

2. A sincere family member always foresees imminent danger from foes. He unhesitatingly employs all his physical, mental and financial strengths, and works zealously towards helping his family.

3. If a man's son is loyal to him, and his wife is a faithful woman, content with her husband's earnings, then his family will be blessed by the grace of God. If all the members of a family live with mutual felloe-feeling, then that family should be regarded as a peerless one.

4. A man may suffer on numerous grounds. It is quite likely that his lack of intellect will agonize him. He may also suffer anguish on account of the imprudent decisions, that he was goaded into making in his youth. Gut these sufferings are minimal, compared to the agony of living with another's family. In a nutshell, it is most agonizing and embarrassing to live with a family, that is not one's own.

5. A wise man will always teach his sons about the morality of moral codes. Once they have acquired a through knowledge of the scriptures and morality, these sparkling gems will being immortal fame to their ancestry.

6. It is the first and foremost duty of parents to provide their children with an excellent education. Those parents who fail to do so, are their children's worst enemies. Uneducated children will always stand out as objects of ridicule in the company of those who are sagacious. They will look as awkward as herons among swam.

7. Too much parental affection will encourage vices in children. But firm and unyielding behavior from parents will nourish virtues. Hence, it is necessary to maintain strictness at home. Parents must lavish less love on sons and disciples. It is the duty of each father and mother to keep strict control over his sons and disciples, by enforcing rigid discipline. This will make them virtuous souls.

8. Children are similar to clay. The form they ultimately assume, will depend on how they were molded in their mouth.

9. Though there are innumerable trees in the forest, the fragrance exuded by the flowers of a single tree is enough to perfume the woodland. Similarly, though one may have only one virtuous son, his presence will exalt one's ancestry to glorious heights.

10. Only a single tree in the forest need be ablaze, to start a forest fire. The entire forest will be consumed by flames. Similarly if one of the descendants of a family chooses to live a wicked and licentious life, the reputation of the family will be destroyed in one fell swoop, and the entire clan will be wiped out..

11. Why do you crave for more sons? If one of your sons stands tall as a model of righteousness, then the whole clan can depend on his virtue and strength.

12. One's offspring should be loved generously up-to the age of five. For the next ten years, one should exercise strict control over them. When they reach the age of sixteen, one must treat them as one's friends.

13. An accomplished and virtuous son, is a thousand times better than a hundred foolish sons. The night sky is illuminated by the moon and the stars. But the millions of stars just cannot match the majestic splendor of the moon, as it lights up the dark heavens.

14. One feels little sorrow seeing the dead face of a depraved son. The bereavement will fade from one's memory with the passage of time. On the contrary, if he had been alive, he would have been a distressing presence in one's life.

15. If a son is neither learned, nor a devotee of the Lord, then he is the equivalent of a cow that can neither produce milk, nor proceed to a state of pregnancy.

16. Merely belonging to a illustrious lineage will not bring one any honor. Even if a man has descended from an inferior family, if he is erudite and accomplished, then he deserves to be honored.

17. Students must keep away from the following things: Lust, Anger, Greed, Flavored food, Undue Flamboyance, Merry-Making, Excessive Sleep and Servitude. Only if they abstain from these evils, can they whole-heartedly devote themselves to their studies

18. If one has an affectionate wife, a learned son, and one is prosperous and hospitable, then one is a blessed man.

19. A family in which the wife is accomplished, and the son is humble, is on par with inderlok.

20. A man must give paternal status to five persons in his life. Firstly, to the one who sired him; secondly, to his savior in a perilous situation; and lastly, to his employer, whom he serves to earn his livelihood.

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Tuesday, April 18, 2017

The Crystallised Wisdom Of Chanakya

chanakya the great

Maxims from Chanakyasutras

Maxims Of Chanakya Is The Crystallised Wisdom Of Chanakya, Also Known As Kautilya, The Indian Philosopher-States-Man, Who Helped Chandragupta Maurya Establish The First Unified State In Indian History In Fourth Century B.C. Often Called The Indian Machiavelli, Chanakya Is Known For His Political Acumen And Statecraft Which Enabled Him To Win Bloodless Victories Over His Enemies, Overthrow A Tyrannical Regime And Prevent The Balkanisation Of India At A Time When It Was Ravaged By Foreign Invasions. The Maxims Of Chanakya Cover A Wide Range Of Subjects. No Branch Of Life Or Learning Has Been Left Untouched By The Great Political Genius. He Has Something Pithy To Say On Politics, Administration, Economics, Ethics, Education, Health, Sex And Self-Improvement. The Administrator, The Planner And The Educationist-All Those Who Shape A Country S Policy Or An Individuals Future.

    1. Ethical Roots

        • Righteousness (dharma) is the root of happiness. Wealth is the root of righteousness.
        • The state (Rajyam) is the root of wealth. Victory over senses is the root of the state. 
        • Humility is the root of sense control. Worship of elders is root of humility. 
        • Wisdom results from the worship of elders. With wisdom one can prosper. The prosperous one becomes the victorious one. The victorious one attains all the riches.

            2. Economic Prosperity

                • Economic prosperity creates prosperity for the people. If the people are prosperous, even a leaderless state can be governed. People’s fury is greatest of all furies.

                    3. Need for Right Ruler

                        • To be without a master is better than having an arrogant master.

                            4. Advisors, Aides, Counselors, Ministers

                              • After equipping oneself fully, one should seek an ally (aide).
                              • One without advisor has no certainty of counsel.
                              • The true aide serves alike in prosperity and adversity. 
                              • A self-respecting ruler should appoint as counselor, one who is inferior to him and respect him. 
                              • He should not take into counsel out of love, one who is impertinent (irrelevant). 
                              • One who is learned and free from fraud should be made minister. 
                              • All things begin with counsel. 
                              • Accomplishment of the task depends on guarding the secret of the counsel. 
                              • One who leaks out counsel destroys the task. Defection to the enemy takes due to negligence. Ministerial advice should be kept secret from all quarters. 
                              • Counsel is a beacon (signal station) to the one blind of action. 
                              • Through ministerial eyes others weaknesses are seen 
                              • At the time of taking ministerial advice there should not be any quarrel. 
                              • A decision should be taken on the unanimous opinion of three. 
                              • Counselors (Ministers) are those who see the true implications what ought to be done and what ought not to done.

                                5. Allies, Friends

                                    • One who is affectionate in difficulties is the friend.
                                    • In the acquisition of allies, one develops strength. 
                                    • The stronger one tries to get what has not been obtained.

                                        6. Evils of Laziness

                                            • The lazy one does not get what has not been obtained.
                                            • The lazy one cannot guard even what has been begotten. 
                                            • The lazy one cannot even command servants.

                                                7. State Policy

                                                  • Getting what has not been got, guarding it, developing it and then distributing it – these four constitute state policy.
                                                  • Politics is the tool of state policy. Internal administration and foreign relations are dependent on state policy. 
                                                  • Deployment of the four fold policy (conciliation, donation, division, and punishment) in one’s own country is internal administration.

                                                  8. Foreign policy

                                                  • Foreign policy is deployment of the same (four fold means) towards neighboring states. Neighboring states are the source of treaties and hostilities.
                                                  • A ruler with a contiguous (sharing a border) territory is a rival. Power is the cause of an alliance. 
                                                  • One should fight with a superior or equal. If there are many enemies, treaty should be entered into with one.

                                                    9. Duties of Citizens

                                                        • A ruler should be approached like fire.
                                                        • One should not wear provocative clothes.

                                                            10. Evil of Vices

                                                                • One addicted to vices does not accomplish tasks.
                                                                • One addicted to gambling does not accomplish anything.

                                                                    11. Advice for Rulers

                                                                        • An enemy should be won over by the use of political science. The scepter links one to riches. In the absence of scepter (the imperial authority symbolized by a scepter), there are no ministers. All activity is understood in wielding (of authority) the scepter.
                                                                        • Acquisition of wealth has its root in activity. Righteousness (morality) and pleasures have their root in wealth. Work is the root of wealth. A little effort accomplishes the task. A task in which an expedient (appropriate to a purpose; practical) is used is not difficult to achieve. If no expedient is used, a task, even if attempted, fails. Expedient is the aid to those who seek success in undertakings. A task attains its objectives through human effort. Fortune follows human effort. Without God’s grace, even excessive effort proves fruitless. One who is not calm and collected (in full control of your faculties) cannot accomplish tasks. One should decide first and then commence the task. There should not be any delay in undertaking of a new task after completing one. The fickle – minded one does not accomplish tasks. If what is obtained is despised (look down, lack of respect), things go awry (not functioning properly). A work which is obstacle ridden should not be started. One who knows (opportune) time accomplishes the task. One should commence a work after understanding the country and the consequences. Prosperity lasts long for one who acts after proper consideration. All types of riches should be amassed by all means. Prosperity forsakes even a lucky one, if he acts without foresight. The one who knows the means makes the impossible possible. 
                                                                        • Only accomplished deeds should be publicized.
                                                                          • Destiny has to be counteracted through propitiatory (intended to reconcile) deeds.
                                                                          • Man made obstacles should be overcome through one’s skills. Those who seek to achieve things should show no mercy.The milk seeking calf strikes at the mother’s udders. Due to lack of efforts task fails.
                                                                          • Those who blindly believe in destiny do not achieve anything.Things should be examined with reference to facts patent and latent, and inferences. 
                                                                          • Prosperity forsakes one who does things without proper examination. 
                                                                          • Danger should be overcome after proper analysis. 
                                                                          • One should begin a venture after assessing one’s strength. 
                                                                          • The favor seeker accomplishes his end after knowing the nature of his master.
                                                                          • The one who knows cow’s nature gets the milk. 
                                                                          • A good one should not reveal his secret to a mean one. 
                                                                          • The soft nature one is disregarded even by those dependent on him. 
                                                                          • One who cannot control himself is destroyed by his anger. 
                                                                          • Rashness does not accomplish tasks. 
                                                                          • When opportunities are lost, obstacles definitely arise. 
                                                                          • Custody of others riches is undertaken by purely out of selfishness. 
                                                                          • Honest and upright people are rare. 
                                                                          • A single defect overshadows many qualities. 
                                                                          • A slanderous (tending to discredit or malign) listener is forsaken (desert) even by his wife and children.
                                                                            • Excessive courtesy should never be trusted.
                                                                            • Through association of good even one without virtue becomes virtuous. 
                                                                            • A lazy one cannot attain happiness in this world or the other. 
                                                                            • Till the enemy’s weakness is known, he should be kept on friendly terms. 
                                                                            • An enemy should be struck at his weak point. 
                                                                            • One’s weakness should not be revealed, enemies strike at weak spots. 
                                                                            • Good behavior wins even an enemy. 
                                                                            • The foolish speaks out what was spoken, in secret, by the master. 
                                                                            • Even after attaining great prosperity, the one without fortitude (courage and strength when facing trouble) perishes. 
                                                                            • The one without fortitude (courage and strength when facing trouble) does not enjoy anything either materially or spiritually.
                                                                            • Intellect is that which can deceit on action in difficulties. 
                                                                            • Moderate eating is healthy. In indigestion, no food (wholesome or otherwise) should be taken. Diseases do not touch one who digests his food. In an old body, a growing disease should not be neglected. Eating is painful in indigestion. 
                                                                            • Disease excels an enemy. 
                                                                            • When the tasks are great, abundant rewards should be made the incentive. 
                                                                            • Donation is righteousness. One can conquer the world with righteousness. 
                                                                            • The world is borne by righteousness. Vice and virtue pursue even the departed spirit. 
                                                                            • Kindness is mother of righteousness. Truth and charity are the roots of righteousness. 
                                                                            • Even death protects the righteous. Righteousness is the ornament of all. 
                                                                            • One should earn wealth as if one is immortal. 
                                                                            • The wealthy are respected by all. 
                                                                            • There is enemy equal to hunger. Poverty is death while living. There is nothing uneatable for a hungry one. The poor one is despised (hated) by his wife. 
                                                                            • Learning is wealth for the poor 
                                                                            • One should serve a learned master. 
                                                                            • Excess sex ages man. Lack of sex ages women. 
                                                                            • There can be no marriage between the high and low. 
                                                                            • Association with low (characterless) women reduces life span, reputation and virtue. 
                                                                            • One should not envy other’s good quality. 
                                                                            • A good quality should be learnt even from an enemy.
                                                                            • A person is honored according to his status. Men are respected only in their positions. 
                                                                            • There is no jewel equal to a good woman. 
                                                                            • Dress should befit age. 
                                                                            • A mother is the greatest teacher. In all circumstances, the mother should be looked after. Modesty (lajja) is the ornament of women. 
                                                                            • Knowledge is the ornament of the learned. 
                                                                            • Learning is wealth to poor. Fame is glorified by learning. Fame is immortal. 
                                                                            • A wife is a non metallic shackle.

                                                                                12. Advice for Citizens

                                                                                    • One should have friendly connection with the ruling elite.
                                                                                    • When children are good, homes are heaven. 
                                                                                    • Children should be made to reach the shores of knowledge (that is given maximum education). 
                                                                                    • The greatest gain is gain of a son. 
                                                                                    • He who protects parents from difficulties is the son. 
                                                                                    • The good son spreads the family’s fame. 
                                                                                    • Possession of maid servant enslaves one. 
                                                                                    • Evil one should not be helped. 
                                                                                    • A sound intellect is a sound body. 
                                                                                    • Prosperity depends on the intellect. 
                                                                                    • Righteousness should be practiced always. 
                                                                                    • Saints should be worshiped. 
                                                                                    • Truth is the means to heaven 
                                                                                    • Evil speech, though unintended, remains long in memory. 
                                                                                    • A man who does his duty is a good and righteous man. 
                                                                                    • Like the seed, the fruit. 
                                                                                    • Intellect depends on education. 
                                                                                    • Conduct depends on family. 
                                                                                    • A comfort which has been obtained should not be given up. 
                                                                                    • One’s action is cause of one’s sorrow. 
                                                                                    • In the absence of knowledge of the scriptures, the conduct of good people should be followed. People are tradition bound. One should not speak ill of the person who is responsible for one’s livelihood. 
                                                                                    • The essence of penance (tap) is control of senses. 
                                                                                    • Stay in heaven is not permanent; it lasts only till the reserves of accumulated virtue remain. 
                                                                                    • To fall from heaven is greatest sorrow. 
                                                                                    • Liberation is the remedy for all sorrows. 
                                                                                    • No pleasure is greater than touch of one’s children. 
                                                                                    • Every morning, the day’s task should be planned.
                                                                                            There is no attraction equal to a gift
                                                                                        • All worldly beings are bound by desire.
                                                                                        • Those who have excess desire have no firmness. 
                                                                                        • The one blinded by prosperity does not see the imminent nor listens to sane advice. 
                                                                                        • Company of the good is like residence in heaven. 
                                                                                        • One should not question God’s will. 
                                                                                        • One’s son should not be praised. 
                                                                                        • The master should be praised by subordinates. 
                                                                                        • Even in the performance of allotted duties, the master should be praised. 
                                                                                        • The intelligent one does not have enemies. 
                                                                                        • One’s weakness should not be divulged.
                                                                                                Money should be saved for difficult days
                                                                                            • The daring ones love their duty.
                                                                                            • Tomorrow’s deed, do it today. Whatever is to be done in afternoon should be done in the forenoon.
                                                                                            • What is right depends on the nature of the case.
                                                                                                   Experience of the world is all knowledge
                                                                                                • Proper behavior is more important than being virtuous.
                                                                                                • The soul is witness of a transaction. 
                                                                                                • The spirit (soul) is the witness of everything. 
                                                                                                • In behavior, the outer form indicates the inner core. 
                                                                                                • Wealth should be protected from robbers and ruling officials.

                                                                                                    13. Rulers and People

                                                                                                        • Inaccessible rulers destroy the people. Easily accessible rulers please the people. The people deem a just ruler a mother. Such a ruler attains material happiness and later heaven.
                                                                                                        • There is only sorrow in birth and death. 
                                                                                                        • No one should try to escape the cycle of births and deaths.

                                                                                                            2. Maxims from Chanakya Rajniti Shastra

                                                                                                                1. Duties and Qualities of the Ruler

                                                                                                                    • The rulers duties are stated to be five: punishment of the wicked (dusht), rewarding the righteous, development of state revenues by just means, impartiality in granting favors and protection of the state.
                                                                                                                    • The characteristics of a ruler are five: he gives up wealth in favor of the needy, loves virtues, enjoys pleasure in company of friends and relatives, is anxious to learn the sciences and is fighter in war. 
                                                                                                                    • The ruler should learn one quality each from the lion and the crane, four from the cock (murga), five from crow, six from the dog. 
                                                                                                                    • One should learn from lion to undertake a task well-prepared, whether it is a big one or small. Like a crane, the learned one should control his senses and knowing the aptness of time and place, accomplish all tasks. 
                                                                                                                    • From a cock one should learn four things: getting up in time, fighting, division of responsibility among allies and enjoyment after attacking oneself. 
                                                                                                                    • From the crow one should learn five things: sex in secrecy, secret action, and catch in time, unruffled behavior and distrust of every one. 
                                                                                                                    • These are six qualities of the dog: desire for much, satisfaction with little, deep slumber (A natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended), quick awakening, devotion to master and bravery. 
                                                                                                                    • From the donkey three things should be learn: to carry the burden even though tired, not to mind heat or cold and to trudge (walk heavily and firmly) ever satisfied. 
                                                                                                                    • The discerning one who practices these twenty virtues mentioned conquers all enemies and he himself remains unconquerable.

                                                                                                                        2. Financial Policy

                                                                                                                            • He who has wealth has friends, relatives; he counts in the world as a person and is deemed as a scholar.
                                                                                                                            • He who has wealth is deemed noble, scholar, proficient in scripture, discern of qualities, eloquent speaker, and attractive to look at. All qualities are dependent on wealth. 
                                                                                                                            • Wealth is caste, wealth is beauty, wealth is learning, wealth is fame, what can those deprived of wealth (and hence of life and qualities) aspire for? 
                                                                                                                            • The wealthy one buys beauty with enticement (temptation), strength through servants, noble respect through guests, and lineage through marriages with big families. 
                                                                                                                            • All virtues are dependent on wealth, wealth captures pleasures, and everything is dependent on wealth. Wealth enriches and enhances life. 
                                                                                                                            • Wealth is UN-bewildered (UN-perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements) beauty, wealth is auspicious family, wealth is UN-faded youth, wealth is lasting life. 
                                                                                                                            • Qualities are attained by wealth, not wealth by qualities; the wealthy one is served by one with good qualities, not vice versa. 
                                                                                                                            • From where does it come? Where does it go? It is impossible to know the path of wealth - As the bee collects honey gradually from the flowers, so should the ruler fill the treasury, collecting revenue gradually.

                                                                                                                                3. Need for Learning and knowledge

                                                                                                                                    • Read, son, read. Why be lazy? The illiterate is burden carrier. The scholar is venerated (respected) by the ruler. Read son every day.
                                                                                                                                    • Read, son, always. Memorize what you learn. The ruler is worshiped in his country. Learning is worshiped everywhere.

                                                                                                                                        4. Mod-us operandi of Governance

                                                                                                                                            • People are controlled by punishment, the intrinsically pure man are rare. Out of fear of punishment the world enjoys blessings.
                                                                                                                                            • One can regain wife, wealth, friend, children, importance, but not a body.

                                                                                                                                                5. Friends and Enemies

                                                                                                                                                    • He is the friend who stands by in illness, adversity, famine, attack by enemy, at rulers door and the cremation ground.
                                                                                                                                                    • One should not be too straight forward. Go and see the forest. The straight trees are cut down, the crooked one are left standing.

                                                                                                                                                        6. Strategy towards Enemies and Friends

                                                                                                                                                            • All beings are pleased by sweet words. Hence only sweet words should be spoken. Where is poverty in words?
                                                                                                                                                            • The union of even small people can become irresistible. The elephant is tied by the rope, made of grass. 
                                                                                                                                                            • The enemy should not know one’s own weakness, but one should know enemy’s weakness. One should hide one’s intention, as tortoise withdraws its limbs, and watch enemy’s posture. 
                                                                                                                                                            • The miser should be won over by means of wealth, the proud man by offering respect, the fool by flattery, and the learned by truth fullness. 
                                                                                                                                                            • The superior one should be dealt with by submission, the valiant by division, the low one by gifts and equal by prowess (superior skill to be learned by study, practice and observation).

                                                                                                                                                                7. Service with Rulers: Duties and Qualities of state officials

                                                                                                                                                                  Five things burn the body without fire: serving a bad ruler, uncleared debt, disgrace of one’s people, separation from beloved, a friend who turns his face away because one is poor.

                                                                                                                                                                  Six things burn the body without the aid of fire: living in a bad village, serving a bad ruling family, bad food, short tempered wife, idiotic son, widowed daughter.
                                                                                                                                                                  • A man is tested in four ways: with reference to his family, conduct, quality and action, just as gold is tested in four ways: by scratching, breaking, heating and beating.
                                                                                                                                                                  • Servants can be known when sent on errands (a short trip that is taken for performance of a necessary task), relatives when difficulties arise, a friend in times of distress, and the wife when prosperity declines. 
                                                                                                                                                                  • A fool should be avoided, he is two footed animal. He hurts with sharp words like an unseen thorn. 
                                                                                                                                                                  • The ruler’s scribe (Secretary) should understand what is spoken forthwith, write fast, have a good hand writing, well versed in all arts and sciences and be distinguished 
                                                                                                                                                                  • He is the scribe, who is able, eloquent, wise, honest, who has controlled his senses, who has learnt all arts and sciences, and who is good. 
                                                                                                                                                                  • If the ruler is righteous, people are righteous, if he is a sinner, the people are also sinners, if he is equal in vice and virtue, and so are people. People follow the ruler. Like ruler like people.
                                                                                                                                                                  Seven sleeping ones should not be woken up: the ruler, the lion, the snake, the hog (greedy), the infant, another’s dog, and an idiot.
                                                                                                                                                                  Seven sleeping ones should be woken up: the treasurer, door keeper, the student, the traveler, the hungry one and the one who is afraid

                                                                                                                                                                  Deity, teacher, wife, doctor, astrologer, if visited empty handed do not bestow desired objects. 

                                                                                                                                                                    Maxims from Arthshastra

                                                                                                                                                                  • Difficulties stabilize friendship.
                                                                                                                                                                  • Rendering help is the sign of a friend. 
                                                                                                                                                                  • Those with established relationship do not desert, even if offended.

                                                                                                                                                                  1. Financial Policy

                                                                                                                                                                  • The treasury has its source in mines.
                                                                                                                                                                  • From the strength of the treasury the Army is born. 
                                                                                                                                                                  • Through the treasury and the army, the earth, whose adornment is treasury, is obtained. 
                                                                                                                                                                  • Material wealth alone is important, says Kautilya, for both righteousness and pleasure are based on material wealth. 
                                                                                                                                                                  • Riches, righteousness and physical pleasures - these are three kinds of wealth. These are preferable to attain than the latter ones.

                                                                                                                                                                    2. Corruption

                                                                                                                                                                        • Just as it is difficult not to taste honey or poison placed on tongue, similarly, it is difficult for one handling the ruler’s money to refrain from tasting it in at least small quantities.
                                                                                                                                                                        • Just as it is not possible to know when the fish moving in water drink water, similarly, it is difficult to find out when officers employed in execution of works misappropriate money. 
                                                                                                                                                                        • He who is responsible for loss of revenue shall be deemed to have eaten the ruler’s property. 
                                                                                                                                                                        • He who doubles the revenue eats up people’s property. 
                                                                                                                                                                        • The intellect of the brave, trained to be steadfast, once corrupted may not return without reaching the end (the summit of corruption).

                                                                                                                                                                            3. Guarding of Secrets

                                                                                                                                                                              • A person under the influence of carelessness, intoxication, or prattling (talking foolishly) while asleep or enjoying carnal (sensual) pleasures, or one hidden or dishonored discloses secret counsel.
                                                                                                                                                                              • Wise men exhibit in their gestures and expressions the opposite of their feeling in the pairs: love and hatred, pleasure and sorrow, determination and fear, etc. in order to hide their secrets.

                                                                                                                                                                                Law, Justice Punishment 

                                                                                                                                                                              • Rent as Yama incarnate do not commit crimes. 
                                                                                                                                                                              • It is to meet unforeseen difficulties that a woman is given property (dowry, at the time of marriage).

                                                                                                                                                                                4. Causes of people’s discontent

                                                                                                                                                                                  By undertaking schemes which result in loss and stopping those which will result in gain by not protecting people from thieves and robbers and enriching himself at their cost. Discontented people go over to the enemy or destroy the ruler themselves.

                                                                                                                                                                                       Ruling family, Ruling Class

                                                                                                                                                                                    • The power of ruling class, augmented by the learned preceptor (Guru), buttressed (make stronger) by the counsel of good ministers, armed with the compliance of scriptures and sciences triumphs and ever remains UN-vanquished.
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Corporations (or groups of exclusive ruling class) being close-knit are not easily assailable (UN-defend able) by enemies. 
                                                                                                                                                                                    • A ruling family composed of undisciplined and dissolute (unrestrained by convention or morality) members break like moth-eaten wood.

                                                                                                                                                                                           Duties of officials

                                                                                                                                                                                        • One may seek to serve a ruler devoid of wealth or loyal subjects for a characterless ruler disregards the tenets of political science, associates himself with evil company and comes to ruin even after inheriting a large and prosperous kingdom.
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Undesirable persons become favorites by acting according to the reading of the ruler’s mind. 
                                                                                                                                                                                        • The wise ones should first look to their own self protection. Those who serve rulers are said to function in fire.

                                                                                                                                                                                                The occasions when one should leave one’s post are -

                                                                                                                                                                                            • When one’s work gets destroyed without frustration.
                                                                                                                                                                                            • One’s power gets reduced when one’s learning is treated like a trad-able commodity. 
                                                                                                                                                                                            • One’s hopes are frustrated. 
                                                                                                                                                                                            • One is eager to be in new countries. 
                                                                                                                                                                                            • When one looses the confidence of the master? 
                                                                                                                                                                                            • When one comes in conflict with powerful people.

                                                                                                                                                                                                5. Philosophy

                                                                                                                                                                                                  The three Vedas deals with righteousness and unrighteousness, economics deals with wealth and poverty, politics deals with good and bad state policies. Philosophy, which sifts (distinguish and separate out) with reason the relative importance of these sciences, benefits the world, keeps the intellect steady in adversity and prosperity and creates excellence in thought, word and deed.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Philosophy is considered the light of learning, the means for the accomplishment of all tasks, and the refuge of all righteous beliefs (of all religions).

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Miscellaneous Dicta

                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Time (opportunity) approaches a man desirous of it only once. And will not come a second time when he wants to do his work.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Success and failure are common on all paths. Power alters the mind. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sons kept engaged in pleasures do not rise against the father. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Only the display of valor (heroism) can tackle trouble. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Among thousands there is hardly one or not even one (fit to be a) leader. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peace is one which allows the enjoyment of results without disturbance. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Artisans are generally dishonest. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peace and activity (industry) are the source of security and welfare. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Power, place and time (opportunity) mutually help. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • One’s body should be protected, not wealth. Why feel for transient riches? 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A person should not be too honest. Straight trees are cut first and honest people are screwed first. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Even if a snake is not poisonous, it should pretend to be venomous. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • The biggest guru-mantra is: Never share your secrets with anybody. It will destroy you. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • There is some self-interest behind every friendship. There is no friendship without self-interests. This is a bitter truth. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Before you start some work, always ask yourself three questions. Why am I doing it, what the results might be and will I be successful. Only when you think deeply and find satisfactory answers to these questions, go ahead. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • As soon as the fear approaches near, attack and destroy it. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • The world's biggest power is the youth and beauty of a woman. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Once you start working on something, don't be afraid of failure and don't abandon it. People who work sincerely are the happiest. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • The fragrance of flowers spreads only in the direction of the wind. But the goodness of a person spreads in all direction. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Whores don't live in company of poor men, citizens never support a weak company and birds don't build nests on a tree that doesn't bear fruits. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • God is not present in idols. Your feelings are your god. The soul is your temple. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Education is the best friend. An educated person is respected everywhere. Education beats the beauty and the youth. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A man is great by deeds, not by birth. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Never make friends with people who are above or below you in status. Such friendships will never give you any happiness. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Treat your kids like a darling for the first five years. For the next five years, scold them. By the time they turn sixteen, treat them like a friend. Your grown up children are your best friends. 
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Books are as useful to a stupid person as a mirror is useful to a blind person.